What is the Difference of Hair Texture & Type?

What is the Difference of Hair Texture & Type?

Texture, Type and Condition is the foundation of my healthy hair care methodology. Our hair is unique as a fingerprint, one of the most amazing discoveries of my professional career. It was my conclusion when hair typing became a new way to identifying curl patterns. I actually love the concept of order and structure however, if you are a 4C with a high moisture content and large diameter strand versus a 4C with dry ends and very small strands well you get where I am going with this.

Hair Texture is the degree of fineness or coarseness of hair strands. Does your hair feel like cotton, wool, silk or denim? Your authentic fabric can be a blend of fine linens as well. The comparison is to give you an idea of what to feel for. Sometimes, we get dryness and texture confused by touch. This often happens when transitioning from relaxed to natural. Hair Texture is typically in 3 categories of fine, medium or coarse.

Hair Type is the form or shape of hair strands, curly, wavy, and straight. However, each category has subcategories. Wavy hair can be a tight or loose wave or somewhere in between. We all have seen small, medium and large curls with smooth textures and well as kinkier textures.

This gives us our uniqueness when our hair is transformed from texture or type through physical or chemical changes.

Physical Changes are temporary changes of hair texture and type such as the following: However, improper heat styling can change the hair permanently.


Shampoo and Condition

Blow Dry

Roller Sets




Heat Styling


Chemical Changes are changes that permanently change the hair texture and type, such as the following: Chemical changes can cause hair damage or loss when improperly applied.







Curl Softeners


Texture, Type, and Condition is the foundation for product, service, and technique recommendations. Here are a few tips for Hair textures and types:

Hair Texture- The degree of fineness or coarseness of the hair strands.


Fine Hair

Smooth Like Silk

Moisture Levels High

Needs strengthening products

Medium Hair Texture


Soft like Cotton

Natural Volume

Prone to Frizz


Coarse Hair Texture

Strong like Wool

Dryness is a challenge

Great style memory

Hair Types- The form and shape of the hair strands.


Straight Hair

Smooth surface

Gets oily quickly

Minimum Volume



Maximum Body


Prone to frizz



Natural shape and style

Prone the breakage where hair spirals


Now the fun part begins, describe your texture by feeling your hair and then see how what type you have. An example is the following:

My hair is coarse, strong like wool blended with cotton and an overlay of silk. My curl patterns vary from silky medium tight wave in the front, crinkles on the side and tight spirals in the top and back with a small s-shape.


I know that’s a lot right!!!! Well, I’m not finished the condition of my hair is moisture levels higher in the front, driest on the sides and strongest in the back area. The ends are porous and my density was compromised when I attempted to take down a protective style on my own.

The moral of this story is….. we all need support on our hair journey.

- Robin D. Groover, Chief Hair Officer of Myavana & Salon Owner of Too Groovy Salon